An adnexal mass refers to an abnormal growth or lump located in the region adjacent to the uterus, encompassing structures such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and surrounding tissues. These masses can manifest as cysts, tumors, or other structural anomalies. Adnexal masses are a common clinical concern, and their characteristics vary widely, ranging from benign cysts to potentially malignant tumors.
In this situation many adnexal masses are benign and asymptomatic, others may cause pelvic pain, bloating, or irregularities in menstrual patterns. Diagnostic tools such as ultrasound, MRI, and sometimes biopsies are utilized to assess the nature, size, and characteristics of these masses.
Understanding the underlying causes, which can include ovarian cysts, endometriosis, or tumors, is crucial for determining the appropriate course of action.
It impact reproductive health, individuals experiencing symptoms or those with identified masses should consult with healthcare professionals for comprehensive evaluation and personalized care.
Dr. Dimple Doshi at Vardaan Hospital; believes prevention is better than cure, and thus apart from the precise treatment guidelines; preventive measures are an essential part of our consultations with the patients who have either had it or want to know more about it.
The word adnexal mass means the structures most closely related structurally or functionally to the uterus. And these adnexal structures include fallopian tubes, ovaries and the tissues surrounding the uterus.
Adnexal mass is meaning is a lump or mass in the tissues surrounding the uterus like ovaries, fallopian tubes or the tissues around the uterus.
Adnexa are seen in younger women mostly include benign varieties while over 30% of adnexal masses in elderly and post-menopausal women are malignant. So these adnexal mass are to be evaluated and treated very fast.
Adnexal mass can be either
Some of the common causes of adnexal masses include:
Symptoms of adnexal mass may be different for different people depending upon its cause.
Common symptoms are:
Surgery will be needed if:
Laparoscopic removal of the adnexal mass is the ideal treatment.
The advantages of laparoscopy include speedy recovery, less pain and cosmetically better appearance.
Laparotomy or opening up of the abdomen is indicated if
1. The adnexal mass is likely to be malignant
2. The patient is not fit to undergo laparoscopy
3. The adnexal mass is huge
Once removed, the adnexal mass will be sent to the lab to determine whether or not the cells contained within it are cancerous. If they are, further treatment may be required under the guidance of an onto physician.