Fibroids are the most commonly occurring non cancerous tumors on the uterus and are classified mainly in 3 parts; subserous ( on the outermost part ) intramural ( inside the wall ) and submucous ( inside the uterus cavity ).
Hysteroscopic myomectomy is mainly used for removal of submucous fibroids which are found inside the uterine cavity. While fibroids located within the uterine wall or on its outer surface cannot be removed with this technique.
Hysteroscopic myomectomy is an outpatient procedure and there will be no scars or cuts on the abdomen.
With this procedure, fibroid(s) are removed using an instrument called a hysteroscopic resectoscope, which is passed up into the uterine cavity through the vagina and cervical canal. Standard resection uses an electrosurgical wire loop to surgically remove the fibroid. High frequency underwater bipolar current is used to resect the fibroid to maximise the safety of the patient.
You will be in the recovery room for 2 hrs after you wake up from anesthesia. You may feel sleepy for next few hours after which you will be shifted to your room.
You may have some discomfort in the area or you may feel tired for a few days after the procedure but with each passing hour you feel better.
Contact your doctor immediately if pain does not go away or if it is associated with nausea and vomiting or any other problems.
You will be asked to start taking clear liquids 1 hr after the surgery followed by light diet. You may be asked to walk around after you are out of the sedation.
Once your doctor is sure that you can walk without any giddiness due to anesthesia medicines; you will be discharged.
As with any surgical procedure, there are associated risks and complications which include:
Any specific risks and complications will be discussed with you prior to the procedure.
Laparoscopic removal of the adnexal mass is the ideal treatment.
The advantages of laparoscopy include speedy recovery, less pain and cosmetically better appearance.
Laparotomy or opening up of the abdomen is indicated if
1. The adnexal mass is likely to be malignant
2. The patient is not fit to undergo laparoscopy
3. The adnexal mass is huge
Once removed, the adnexal mass will be sent to the lab to determine whether or not the cells contained within it are cancerous. If they are, further treatment may be required under the guidance of an onto physician.